"Everything is dual; everything has an opposing point; everything has its pair of opposites; like and unlike are the same; opposites are identical in nature, but different in degree; extremes bond; all truths are but partial truths; all paradoxes may be reconciled." — Summum
The great fourth Summum Principle, the Principle of Opposition, embodies the idea that all manifested things have two sides; two aspects; two opposing points; a pair of opposites, with manifold degrees between the two extremes. An understanding of this Principle explains the paradoxes which have perplexed the minds of humans. You have always recognized something like this Principle and have endeavored to express it by such sayings, maxims, and aphorisms as the following: "Everything is and isn't at the same time"; "every truth is partially false"; "all truths are a paradox"; "there are two sides to every story"; "there is a reverse side to every coin"; etc.
The Summum teachings are that the difference between things seemingly diametrically opposed to each other is merely a matter of degree. It teaches that "the pairs of opposites may be reconciled" and that "thesis and antithesis are identical in nature, only different in degree." The universal reconciliation of opposites is effected by a recognition of this Principle of Opposition. The Summa Individuals claim that illustrations of this Principle may be had on every hand, and such illustrations come from an examination of the real nature of anything. They begin by showing that spirit and matter are but two opposing points of the same event, the intermediate fields and levels being merely degrees of vibration. They show that SUMMUM and The Many are the same, the difference being merely a matter of degree of mental manifestation. Thus the LAW and laws are the two opposite points of one phenomenon. Likewise with PRINCIPLE and principles; INFINITE MIND and finite minds. The opposites complement one another, and within all things (events) exists this complementarity. Combined with the various degrees between them, the opposites serve as a complete description of all events.
Passing on to the physical level, they illustrate the Principle by showing that "hot and cold" are identical in nature, the difference being merely a matter of degree. The thermometer shows many degrees of temperature, the lowest point being called cold and the highest, hot. Between these two opposing points are many degrees of hot or cold. Call them either and you are equally correct. The higher of two degrees is always warmer while the lower is always colder. There is no place on the thermometer where hot ceases and cold begins. It is all a matter of higher or lower vibrations. The very terms "high and low," which you are compelled to use, are but opposing points of the same event. The terms are relative. So is it with "east and west." Travel around the world in an eastward direction and you reach a point which is called west from your starting point. You return from that westward point. Travel far enough north and you will find yourself traveling south, or vice versa.
So is it at the mental level. "Love and hate" are generally regarded as being events diametrically opposed to each other, entirely different, unreconcilable. But as you apply the Principle of Opposition, you find that there is no such thing as absolute love or absolute hate, as distinguished from each other. The two are merely terms applied to the two opposing points of the same event. Beginning at any point of the scale you find more love or less hate as you ascend the scale and more hate or less love as you descend. This is true no matter from what point, high or low, you may start. There are degrees of love and hate, and there is a middle point where "like and dislike" become so faint that it is difficult to distinguish between them. "Courage and fear" come under the same rule. The pairs of opposites exist everywhere. Where you find one phenomenon you find its opposite.
It is this fact that empowers the enlightened to alter one mental state into another, along the lines of immersion. Things belonging to different classes of events cannot be altered into each other, but things of the same class may be changed, that is, may have their vibration changed. Thus love never becomes east or west or red or violet. But it may and often does turn into hate. Likewise, hate may be transformed into love by changing its vibration. Courage may be altered into fear, and vice versa. Hard things may be rendered soft. Dull things become sharp. Hot becomes cold. The alteration is always between events of the same kind but different degree.
Take the case of a fearful person. By raising the mental vibrations along the line of fear and courage, that person can be filled with the highest degree of courage and fearlessness. Likewise, the lazy person may change into an active, energetic individual simply by immersion along the line of the desired quality.
The student who is unfamiliar with the processes by which the various disciplines of mental science produce changes in the mental states of those around them may not readily understand the principle underlying these changes. But once the Principle of Opposition is understood, it can be observed that the mental changes are occasioned by a change of position on the scale (a sliding along the same scale). The change is not in the direction of altering one thing into something entirely different, but a change of degree within the same thing or emotion, a vastly important difference. Borrowing an analogy from the physical level, it is impossible to change hot into sharpness or loudness into highness, etc. But hot may readily be altered into cold simply by lowering the vibrations. In the same way hate and love are mutually alterable. So are fear and courage. Fear cannot be altered into love, nor can courage be changed into hate. The mental states belong to innumerable classes, each class having its opposite points. It is between those opposite points that alteration is possible.
The student will readily recognize that in the mental states as well as in the phenomena of physical fields, the two opposing points may be classified as positive and negative, respectively. Therefore love is positive to hate; courage to fear; activity to non-activity, etc. It will also be noticed that even to those unfamiliar with the Principle of Vibration, the positive point seems to be of a higher degree than the negative, and readily dominates it. The tendency of nature is in the direction of the dominant activity of the positive point.
In addition to the changing of the vibration of your own mental states through the operation of the Art of Immersion, this principle may be extended so as to embrace the phenomenon of the influence of one mind over that of another. When it is understood that Psychokinetic Induction is possible, that is, mental states may be produced by "induction" from others, then you can readily see how a certain rate of vibration or alteration of a certain mental state may be communicated to another person and their vibration in that class of mental state thus changed. It is along this principle that the results of many of the mental treatments are obtained. For instance, a person is sad, melancholy, and full of fear. A mental scientist brings their own mind up to the desired vibration by their trained will and, obtaining the desired alteration in their own case, produces a similar mental state in the other by psychokinetic induction. The result is the vibrations are raised and the person is fixed toward the positive end of the scale instead of toward the negative. Their fear and other negative emotions are altered into courage and similar positive mental states. A little study will show you that these mental changes are nearly all along the lines of immersion. The change is one of degree rather than of kind.
A knowledge of the existence of this great Summum Principle will enable the student to better understand their own mental states and those of other people. You will see that these states are all matters of degree, and seeing thus you will be able to raise or lower the vibration at will. Being able to change your mental vibration, you become master of your mental states instead of their servant and slave. By your knowledge will you be able to aid your fellow humankind intelligently, and by the appropriate methods change the vibration when the same is desirable. All students are advised to familiarize themselves with the Principle of Opposition, for a correct understanding of the same will throw light on many difficult subjects.